Weaving is regarded as one of the world's oldest surviving crafts. Weaving has been practiced since the Neolithic period, some 12,000 years ago. The essential idea of weaving was used to interlace branches and twigs to make fences, shelters, and baskets for protection even before the actual method of weaving was discovered.
Weaving is one of the most common processes of textile manufacture, including the interlacing of vertical and horizontal threads. The warp is a set of vertical threads, whereas the weft is a collection of horizontal threads.
Weaving can be done by hand or with the help of a machine. Looms are the machines that are used to weave. Looms began as a simple wooden frame and evolved into the complex computerized weaving equipment we see today. Weaving has become an automated technique in recent years, however hand weaving is still used.
Early man created the first string by weaving plant fibers together 20,000–30,000 years ago. A delicate string or thread was created by stretching tiny bundles of plant material and twisting them together.
Weaving, spinning, and stitching all began with the capacity to make string and thread. The Stone Age The first woven textiles were created by man's early experimentation with string and thread. Various sizes of threads and strings were twisted and laced together to create a variety of useful items. Many weavers still utilize finger weaving, lacing, and knotting threads together by hand today.
During the Neolithic Era, humanity mastered the art of weaving textiles. For their own needs, each household manufactured cloth. For thousands of years, weaving fabric has been tied with the family unit. Many of today's weaving designs were created in the 11th century. Highly specialized fabric was produced by skilled weavers. Weaving fabric began to shift away from the family unit and into specialized work sites about this period..
With the invention of steam and water powered looms during the Industrial Revolution (1760–1815), cloth weaving became a mechanized business. The fly shuttle eliminated the need for a weaver to manually insert the weft thread into the warp.
The function of the weaver changed substantially as a result of technical advancements in fabric production throughout the Industrial Revolution. Large quantities of low-cost fabric were now easily available. Weaving has been reclassified as an industrial process. Workers in the textile industry were among the first to organize in modern labor movements.
The majority of our textile requirements are now met by commercially manufactured fabric. Our textiles are made by a huge and complicated fabric manufacturing sector that employs automated machinery.
However, there are craftsmen who continue the skills and traditions of the early weavers by weaving fabric on handlooms in home studios or small weaving enterprises.